If you are entitled to certain payments, the entitlement to child benefit can expire.
Can I apply for child benefit retrospectively?
Since January 2018, child benefit can only be applied for retrospectively for six months. Previously, this was possible retrospectively for four years. This means that child benefit can only be paid in arrears a few months later. Child benefit has increased in recent years, as you can see from the table:
|from 2010||from 2015||from 2016||from 2017||from 2018||from July 2019||from 2021|
|۱st and 2nd child||۱۸۴ euros||۱۸۸ euros||۱۹۰ euros||۱۹۲ euros||۱۹۴ euros||۲۰۴ euros||۲۱۹ euros|
|۳rd child||۱۹۰ euros||۱۹۴ euros||۱۹۶ euros||۱۹۸ euros||۲۰۰ euros||۲۱۰ euros||۲۲۵ euros|
|from the 4th child||۲۱۵ euros||۲۱۹ euros||۲۲۱ euros||۲۲۳ euros||۲۲۵ euros||۲۳۵ euros||۲۵۰ euro|
You can find more information on the application for child benefit 2021 here.
Income limits for child benefit
As an alternative to child benefit, there is a child allowance. Those who claim the child allowance waive the monthly child benefit payments. This can be useful if the parents have a high income. In such cases, the tax relief through the child allowance is often higher than the child benefit payments. The child allowance for families has been 8,388 euros since January 1, 2021. It consists of:
۵,۴۶۰ euros for the material subsistence level of the child, 2,928 euros for care, upbringing and training needs
This is a combination of the child allowance of 2,730 euros per parent (doubled, this corresponds to 5,460 euros) and the allowance for care, upbringing and training, which corresponds to 1,464 euros (doubled to 2,928 euros).
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Since January 2012 it is no longer necessary for children of legal age and their parents to submit declarations and receipts for the income of the children for child benefit. It is only necessary to prove that the child does not work for more than 20 hours per week in addition to the training in the first vocational training.
Application for diversion for students and trainees
In principle, child benefit does not have to be transferred to the parents. Especially for children who are dependent on the money themselves – these are especially students and trainees – it can be advantageous if a so-called application for diversion is made. This ensures that the child benefit is no longer paid to the parents, but directly to the child.
Fill in online: Apply for child benefit in three easy steps Legal basis: who will be entitled to child benefit in 2021? Parental allowance and ElterngeldPlus: How you can increase the parental allowance
The exception to the child benefit payment
However, if the child benefit is not paid by the family benefits office of the Federal Employment Agency, but by a public sector salary or salary office, the payment is made together with the wages or salaries for the respective month.
Sources used: own research, Federal Employment Agency, Federal Ministry for Family, Seniors, Women and Youth, other sources, show less sources
Anyone who has children can receive child benefit. There are a few things to consider. For example, the entitlement to child benefit is limited in time, but can be extended under certain circumstances.
Legal basis for child benefitPrerequisites for entitlement to child benefitChild benefit entitlement for children of ageChild benefit 2021 abroadWhen does the entitlement to child benefit end? Children who do not live in their own household Is there child benefit for orphans?
Legal basis for child benefit 2021
Two different laws form the legal basis for the right to child benefit: Taxpayers are entitled to child benefit under the Income Tax Act. In contrast, non-taxable persons are entitled to child benefit under the Federal Child Benefit Act.
Conditions for entitlement to child benefit
According to the Federal Employment Agency, three conditions must be met in order to be entitled to child benefit. Parents are therefore entitled to child benefit,
whose child is under 18 years old (for children of legal age there is also child benefit under certain conditions) who regularly look after their child and whose child lives in the same household and who live in Germany, another EU country, Norway, Liechtenstein, Iceland or the Living in Switzerland.
Which children are entitled to child benefit
In general, there is a right to child benefit for:
Children who are related to the applicant (the biological parents) in the first degree; adopted children; children of the spouse (stepchildren) who have been taken into their own household by the applicant; grandchildren whom the applicant has taken into his household; foster children; which the applicant has taken into his household on the one hand and with which he has a family-like and long-term relationship on the other hand (these can also be siblings, for example).
Entitlement to child benefit for children of legal age
After the age of 18, the entitlement to child benefit continues to exist if the child is in school or vocational training or is registered with the employment agency as looking for work. In this case, benefits continue to be paid up to the age of 25. You will be paid even if the child lives in their own apartment or student shared apartment.
Receive child benefit abroad in 2021
German citizens who either have their place of residence or their habitual abode in Germany or who live abroad while being subject to unlimited income tax in Germany can easily apply for child benefit.
Foreigners who live in Germany can also do this if they have a permanent residence permit or a residence permit to work.
When does the entitlement to child benefit end?
The entitlement to child benefit exists for every full month in which the conditions for receiving child benefit exist for at least one day. The right to child benefit expires six months after it arises – that is, parents can submit an application for up to six months.
Entitlement to child benefit ends in the month in which the child turns 18 – with the exception of the child’s birthday on the first of the month. In this case, the entitlement ends in the previous month. If the adult child is doing an apprenticeship or studying, this must be submitted to the family benefits office and the child benefit applied for again. Then the entitlement to child benefit is extended up to a maximum of 25 years of age.
Children who do not live in their own household
Parents do not receive child benefit for a child who does not live in their own household. However, you should state this when applying for child benefit for siblings. Then this child is counted as a so-called child "Count child". As a result, parents can possibly receive more child benefit for children who live in their own household than if they do not state it. Because the child benefit is graded according to the number of children.
Is there child benefit for orphans?
Orphans or children who do not know where or who their parents are and for whom no other person is entitled to receive child benefit can receive child benefit themselves. These children then receive the amount that they would be entitled to for their own first child.
Child benefit with federal voluntary service
Parents whose children are doing federal or international youth voluntary service also receive child benefit. This regulation came into force on July 1, 2011.
No child benefit with similar earnings
If there is an entitlement to certain payments, the entitlement to child benefit can expire. This is the case with:
Amount, application, payment: this is what parents should know about child benefit 2021 The final digit is decisive: the payment dates for child benefit in 2021 Fill in online: Apply for child benefit in three easy stepsChild allowance from statutory accident insurance, child benefit subsidy from statutory pension insurance, benefits that are paid abroad and are comparable to child benefit, benefits that are paid by an intergovernmental or supranational institution and are comparable to child benefit.Sources used: Own research by the Federal Employment Agency
Both child benefit and child allowance will increase on January 1, 2021. How much more money can parents now expect?
The child benefit increases at the turn of the year by 15 euros per child. For the first and second child, 219 euros each will be paid from January 2021, for the third child 225 euros and for each additional child 250 euros.
The increases are intended to take into account the increased cost of living. The child allowance will also be increased accordingly by 576 euros to 8,388 euros. This is granted as an alternative to child benefit from a certain income level.
Higher income: minimum wage, child benefit, Hartz IV – there will be so much more in 2021
With the law, the basic tax allowance will also be increased by 336 euros to 9,744 euros, and in a second step by 240 euros to 9,984 euros in 2022. There are also reliefs in the tax rate to compensate for the so-called cold progression. This describes the effect that increases in income in connection with inflation are partially consumed by the progressive tax rate.
Amount of child benefit in 2021
From January 1, 2021, the following child benefit contributions apply:
first and second child: 219 euros per month third child: 225 euros per month fourth and each additional child: 250 euros per month
Payment dates 2021
The payment dates depend on the final figure for child benefit. They are between January 5, 2021 for the last digit 0 and January 21, 2021 – at the beginning of the month – for the last digit 9 – at the end of the month.
Parents can find out the exact dates on the website of the Federal Employment Agency.
More entertainment for children
The japaneese women seeking american men maximum amount for the tax deductibility of maintenance payments will also be increased. The government puts the total cost of the higher child benefit and the other tax breaks in the full annual effect at almost twelve billion euros, of which a good five billion euros for the federal government.
Higher disability and care lump sums
The flat-rate tax allowances for the disabled and long-term care will be roughly doubled. In many cases, the increase is intended to dispense with the time-consuming itemization of expenses. Eligibility requirements are relaxed for the recipients in some points.
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The creditable amounts depend on the degree of disability or the degree of care. They can be up to 2,840 euros for the disabled lump sum, for disabled people who are helpless and for the blind it will be 7,400 euros in future. The care lump sum increases to up to 1,800 euros. A flat-rate travel cost for disabilities of up to 4,500 euros is also being introduced.
Sources used: news agency afp Federal Employment Agency: child benefit and child benefit supplement 2021 Federal Employment Agency: child benefit payment dates 2021Additional sourcesshow less sources
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